The Daguerreian Society

On a trip to Seattle a couple of weeks ago, I was happy to find a 
particular volume of "Household Words" containing a specific article I 
wanted to obtain. What I didn't expect to find was this delightful 
account in the same volume. To my knowledge, this account has never been 
referenced in any photohistory. I am pleased to present it to you today.

On this day (September 18) in the year 1852, the following passage 
appeared as part of an article in "Household Words. A Weekly Journal. 
Conducted by Charles Dickens." (London, Vol. VI, No. 130, page 18-19):
- - - - - - - - - - - -


   Having given a useful hint, by the instance of the female dentist, to 
those of our country-women who are deficient in pocket-money to exactly 
the same degree in which they are overburdened with leisure, I now add a 
few more like examples which have fallen in our way as we moved along 
our road.
   In all French towns where any respectable concourse or transit of 
strangers is going on, there, a deadly rivalry, a fierce opposition of 
Daguerreotypists exists.  It is not the two of a trade who cannot agree, 
it is a good half-dozen hungry hunters after the heads of man, woman, or 
child, who, in defiance of their opponents, stick upon their staring 
collection of trophies the motto, "No connection with the Daguerreotyper 
over the way."  It is supposed, as of course, that every tourist passing 
through every one of these towns must be taken; the tug of war is, who 
shall take him, and add the newly arrived head to the previously 
decapitated victims.
   As I never had been done--in this way--and as it was hopeless to run 
the gauntlet through the horde of Daguerreotypists with the least chance 
of escape, I looked our for the most generous enemy to whom to surrender 
as prisoner, in the hope of being dealt with on the most merciful terms 
of portrait-painting warfare.  Among the hostile chiefs was a female 
warrior; and I beg to hand you her card, with an assurance that she 
operates upon her patients with the utmost humanity:--
   "Mademoiselle Lebour, Painter in Daguerreotype, Pupil of M. Sabatier, 
of the Palais National at Paris, is at this time stopping at )wherever 
she may happen to be).  If required, she Daguerreotypes ladies and 
gentlemen at their own houses."
   I went, and was received by two ladies, one about twenty-five, the 
other perhaps fifty years of age.  They had been doing some other 
people: a pretty, costumed, fish-woman, with her baby; a family party of 
English fold--for when you want a large dish of heads to be served, it 
only costs a trifle per head extra on the original plate.  A middle-aged 
French officer had just descended from the sanctum in a pleasing state 
of expectancy as to how his weather-beaten face would look upon the 
smooth silver ground.  The ladies pursued their vocation like workwomen; 
in and out at their dark closet, polishing the metallic panels for their 
portraits, handling their secret pickles, preserves, and pigments, 
giving a suggestion as to arrangement of dress, and chatting merrily on 
the gossip of the day.
   They spoke no English, and some of their sitters spoke no French, 
which was awkward.  From the table, on which specimen heads were lying, 
I picked up a scrap of paper, which I took for a talisman, or charm--as 
it was--to get over that difficulty.  It was inscribed with short 
sentences, alternately in French and Magician's jargon.  The jargon I 
leave unaltered, replacing the French by English; thus:--

	"Quip your 'ed strait.
	Keep your head straight.
	Oui must bi gain et gain.
	We must begin again.
	Oh! peigne hieure haies.
	Open your eyes;"

and so forth, unintelligible as abracadabra.  Then came my turn to 
proceed to the mysterious apartment.  With a fluttering heart I took a 
final glance at the looking-glass, and accompanied the ladies.
   "It feels very much like going to have a tooth drawn," said I.
   "You would have thought so, if you had been here the other day," 
replied the elder artiste.  "An English lady became quite nervous when 
she sat down in the chair, and as soon as it was all over, she burst 
into tears, and threw herself into her husband's arms."
   "The chair does look formidable with that head-rest fixed to its 
back, and might be taken for a milder mode of garrotting criminals.  I 
will venture, nevertheless.  Will that do, ladies?" I asked, trying hard 
to assume a careless countenance and an easy attitude.
   "Oh, no! Monsieur; that won't do at all;" said the younger one, 
laughing.  "Have the goodness to rise for one moment, and I will show 
you something better than that.  Voila; try if you can place yourself 
more naturally, thus."
   I tried, and was approved of.  "And now," continued the operator, 
producing a piece of black silk, "look at this, and don't be afraid.  It 
must cover your shirt bosom for a while; then I shall come and snatch it 
away; but you must not budge an inch.  Some Englishmen spoil their 
portraits, by jumping up when I have to do this."
   The elder lady took a large looking-glass to illuminate, by reflected 
light, my right cheek, and ear, and whisker.  The awfully effective 
slide of the camera obscura was drawn; in a few seconds the junior stole 
round and whisked the black silk away; and presto! the slide was shut 
again, with a clap.  "There!" said the senior; "your tooth is drawn, 
Monsieur, and I hope you have not suffered greatly."
   When I paid for my portrait, I could not help wishing that a few 
pale-faced, under-fed, thin-clad English girls could see how cheerfully 
Mademoiselle Lebour was living by the practice of Daguerreotype.  She 
seemed almost as happy and as independent as a first-rate governess at 
fifty pounds a year; if such a comparison well bear the making.
   (The article continues but with a new topic. . .)

Posted for your enjoyment.      Gary W. Ewer       

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