The Daguerreian Society


On this day (May 28) in the year 1853, the following appeared in the 
Illustrated News (New York): 
 
---------------------------------------------------------------------- 

A quarter-page wood-engraving illustration of "Lucy Stone--From a 
daguerreotype by Brady" accompanies the article regarding the work of 
the "native of West Brookfield...for the cause of those considered by 
her the oppressed."

     "She recently gave two lectures in Metropolitan Hall, in this city, 
on the claims of women.  In the first, she argued that. Since man and 
woman have the same physical, mental and  moral parts, and since 
whatever supplies these parts, is as expensive for woman as for man, 
there ought, of right, to be for her, equal facilities for obtaining 
their supply--she should be denied no industrial pursuits for which she 
has taste and capacity; instead of being confined to the needle, and the 
schoolroom, and receiving the meager compensation which must always 
result, when any kinds of labor are overstocked with workers, she should 
be admitted with printers, jewelers, daugerrean artists, designers, 
post-masters, ticket-masters at the railway stations, phrenologists, 
merchants, physicians, lawyers, ministers, sculptors and painter.  In a 
word, the sphere of her activity should be bounded only be her capacity, 
for where God has conferred a power, there also is His certificate of 
the right to its use in harmony with the law of benevolence. Whatever 
woman can do and do well, either by head or hand, she has a right to 
do."

-------------------------

also in the same issue is a quarter-page wood engraving of the "RUINS OF 
THE FALLEN BUILDING, BUFFALO, N.Y. [From a Daguerreotype by Evans.]

-------------------------

In the advertisements under the header "DAGUERREOTYPES":

T H E  L O V E R ' S   S O L I L O Q U Y

     Go search the Indian wave for pearls,
         To deck your high-born maiden,
     Or dig Golconda's diamond sands,
         With priceless treasures laden;
     Go gather myrrh and frankincense,
         And sweet Arabian spices,
     And cluster round your "heart's delight."
         Love's wildest of devices;
     I'll give to her whom I adore
         By far an offering richer--
     My face, all dressed in Lover's smiles,
         In ROOT'S fair Crayon picture!
                                  ROOT'S Gallery, No. 363, Broadway.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
Also today, in the year 1853, the following appeared in the "Scientific 
American" (New York):

-------------------

         Daguerreotype Hat Crowns.

   These specimens of art are daily finding some new position in which 
to exhibit their beauty and perfection.   They are now place in the tops 
or crowns of hats, and kept in that position by a very simple 
contrivance for the purpose.  The daguerreotype tops will not be more 
expensive than the French paintings which are at present employed.  This 
arrangement is the invention of Thomas Rafferty and Henry G. Leask, of 
New York City, who have taken measures to secure a patent for the 
improvement.
---------------------

(Also in the same issue, accompanied by a wood engraving illustration of 
a thermoplastic Masher case:)

        MASHER'S STEREOSCOPE

   The annexed engraving is a perspective view of a most beautiful 
invention relating to the daguerreotype art, invented by J. F. Mascher 
of Philadelphia, and for which a patent was granted on the 8th of last 
March.  The improvements consists in converting the daguerreotype case 
into a stereoscope, by a very simple arrangement of having a 
supplementary lid or flap, in which are two ordinary lenses.
   Two daguerreotype pictures are taken at an angle of about 25 or 30 
degrees, on the right and left of the centre, and placed as shown in the 
case,  In the supplementary lid or flap, are placed two glasses of short 
focal distance, like those of an opera glass.  By looking through these, 
the person whose likeness is taken, stands out solid and life-like, no 
more resembling a common picture, than a statue does an oil paining.  
These cases are made so that the pictures are placed in the right 
position, and the lenses set at the proper focal distance to produce 
binocular vision.
   We believe it was Prof. Wheatstone, of London, who first made the 
discovery of the stereoscope, which was afterwards greatly improved by 
Sir David Brewster, and by him first applied to produce binocular with 
daguerreotype pictures.  But the stereoscope of Brewster is a separate 
instrument from the daguerreotype case, is much larger and costs five or 
six dollars, while Mr. Mascher has applied that beautiful and wonderful 
principle of optics to the daguerreotype case itself, and here it is 
introduced to our American readers as one of the most delightful and 
pleasing improvements connected with the fine arts.
   To show the benefit of having a good paper devoted to improvements in 
the arts, we would state that this excellent invention, but for the 
Scientific American , would perhaps not have been made. On page 266, 
Vol. 7, Scientific American , we described the principle of binocular 
vision, and the operations of the stereoscope.  This set the inventive 
mind of Mr. Mascher on the right track, and on page 322, same Vol., we 
published his letter, stating that from the description he had read in 
our columns, he had produced the first solid daguerreotype pictures in 
Philadelphia (and we believe in the United States.)--Shortly after that 
he converted the common daguerreotype case into a stereoscope as now 
presented in the accompanying engraving.
   In a short period, no person, we believe, while have a likeness taken 
by a daguerreotypist but stereoscopically.  As these cases are no larger 
that the old kind, who would have a flat picture to look at, when the 
solid life-like likeness can thus be produced.  No one can have the 
least idea of the beauty of this invention, until he sees such pictures 
with his eyes.  By this improvement, husbands will, when thousands of 
miles separate, be enabled to see their wives standing before them in 
breathing beauty, wives their husbands, and lover, their sweethearts.  
It is a noble and elevating art, which perpetuates to posterity the 
looks of those we love or revere; this improvement will enable us to 
look upon the loved and respected when far away, or when they are in the 
tomb; it will enable us to see them as they once were with us, and 
prosperity with know how they and ourselves looked without trusting to 
the flattery or faults of a limner's pencil.
   More information may be obtained by letter addressed to Mr. Mascher, 
408 North 2nd street, Philadelphia.

----------------------------------------------------------------- 
Posted for your enjoyment.      Gary W. Ewer       
-----------------------------------------------------------------
05-28-95


Return to: DagNews 1995

homepage society info search
resources galleries


Copyright 1996, The Daguerreian Society - http://www.daguerre.org